Various Treatments that are available at Synergy Clinic
Infertility means difficulty in becoming pregnant (conceiving) despite having regular sex when not using contraception.
There is no definite cut-off point to say when a couple is infertile. Many couples take several months to conceive. About 84 couples out of 100 conceive within a year of trying.
About 92 couples out of 100 conceive within two years. Doctors usually suggest some tests if a couple have not conceived after one year, despite regular sexual intercourse. After two years, treatment may be considered. Tests or treatment may start earlier if the woman is older, or if there is an obvious reason why a particular couple will not conceive, however long they try.
It is usually worth seeing a doctor if you have not conceived after one year of trying. A doctor can check for some common causes, talk things over and discuss possible options. You should see your doctor earlier, if the woman in the couple is over the age of 35 or if either partner has a history of fertility problems.
Ovulation problems in women
Not producing eggs (ovulating) is the cause of problems in about a quarter of couples. There are various causes of ovulation problems including:
· Early (premature) menopause.
· Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
· Hormone problems
· Being very underweight or overweight.
· Excessive exercise.
· A side-effect from some medicines
· Genetic conditions
Fallopian tube, neck of the womb (cervix) or womb (uterine) problems
These are the cause in about 2 or 3 in 10 couples with infertility. Problems include:
· Endometriosis -- Tissue that normally lines the womb (uterus) - called the endometrium - is found outside the uterus.
· Previous infection of the uterus and Fallopian tubes (pelvic inflammatory disease (PID))
· Previous surgery to the Fallopian tubes, cervix or uterus.
· Large fibroids
A condition which could affect fertility is found in the male partner in about half of cases.
(In 4 out of 10 couples who are having problems with fertility, a problem is found in both partners.) Some men are born with testes that do not make any sperm or they make very few sperm.
The most common reason for male infertility is a problem with sperm, due to an unknown cause. The sperm may be reduced in number, less able to swim forwards (less mobile) and/or be abnormal in their form. There are various factors that may affect sperm production and male infertility. These include:
· Current or past infection of the testes
· Side-effects of some medicines and street drugs.
· Scarring from previous operations · Varicocele
· Certain hormone problems
· Genetic conditions
Sometimes a cause can be found for a couple's infertility. Some causes are treatable and normal fertility can be restored. For example, some cases of ovarian failure can be treated with medicines. Hormone problems can also often be treated. If no cause is found, or the cause is not treatable then assisted conception (in vitro fertilisation - also called IVF) is often possible. The number of techniques and the success of treatments have increased in recent years. This means many causes of fertility problems in either the male or female partner may be overcome, and successful pregnancy may be possible.